Oneself (running time 5 minutes)
Oneself Two (running time 7 minutes)
Oneself Three (running time 6 minutes)
|A History of the Oneself Trilogy|
Oneself films were all created by myself, Darren Maxwell,
and were originally conceived after the difficulty and
frustration I had securing a cast for one of my larger
productions. It was during a time of annoyance at the
unreliability of others that I felt if I made a film
entirely my myself, I wouldn't have any problems ensuring
everyone turned up to work on it. After further thought I
discovered a more serious side to the idea and that was
to prove a self contained film with some degree of
quality could in fact be made by a single individual.
Fortunately I had gained valuable experience in a number of areas in film making over the years which made me feel I could effectively take on all pre production, production and post production roles with some degree of knowledge. But this wasn't without some challenges as I also had to tackle areas I wasn't familiar with, namely lighting, makeup and the most formidable task of all, music. I know there have been others who have attempted self-made films before, however, my aim was to make a film of substance whereby the audience would completely forget it was made end-to-end entirely by one person. This is why I coined the phrase...
...because I believe that's what I was doing. Ironically creating a film by yourself does have one humorous benefit to it - as my friends were quick to point out - and that is the cast and crew wrap party is a pretty cheap affair from a catering stand point plus you're guaranteed a 100% attendance.
|The films themselves|
|The first film to be
created was Oneself in June 2009 which was a simple
comedy designed to show whether a basic split screen
solution could work - unfortunately I have very limited
knowledge on visual FX so split screening is the only
effect I could achieve. Knowing that a self made film
required a lot of planning, I opted to have as many
characters as possible appear in the film which was
supported by snappy timing and sharp editing to help sell
the idea. Oneself was my quickest ever production as it
was filmed in one night and finished a week later. As it
turns out, it was a big hit with my friends and peers.
With the success of Oneself, it seemed only natural to take on a second film, this time I opted for a more serious and stylised tone to deliberately increase the difficulty level. Oneself Two was made in December 2009 and was based around a concept I had thought of years earlier about three people trapped in a lounge room in different dimensions where the only communication was through the TV (although in the film there are only two people present). Unlike the first film, Oneself Two featured a heavily stylised black and white look which was done to contrast the colour "reality". Furthermore, the film boasted a complete musical soundtrack created by myself which I'm quite pleased with as I have absolutely no musical ability whatsoever. In the end Oneself Two took four days to shoot and was completed within two weeks.
Although it was never planned (honestly it wasn't), I suddenly found myself writing a third and final instalment in the Oneself series to effectively complete the newly created trilogy. Filmed in the Summer heat of January and February 2010, Oneself Three was designed around the humorous style of the first film where each of the characters had different personality traits, however, the biggest challenge was dealing with four main characters all interacting with each other and objects on the table they were sitting around. For this reason Oneself Three ended up being a very tricky film to make as it was important for the audience to know who was who as the conversation jumped about from one character to another. This film also saw me use a more simplified technique for split screening which included a brand new effect that I hadn't tried before that worked really well (phew). In the end Oneself Three took a lot longer to complete than expected, which wasn't helped by the music being very difficult to do, but by contrast it was clearly the most difficult of the three films to make.
|How the films were made|
|Self made films have
one significant disadvantage over their traditional
cousins, the person making the film has to literally
think of EVERYTHING in the production which means your
workload is enormous and unrelenting. Aside from simply
writing the script there is the consideration of which
character is saying what? Who are they interacting with?
What shot do they appear in? What do they wear? How will
the set be lit? What will the camera framing be? How will
sound be recorded? What equipment needs to be
hired/borrowed? How do you maintain a level of continuity
with props, costumes and actor positioning??? Honestly,
sometimes it's enough to do your head in!
Although the Oneself films are relatively simple to conceive the organisation behind them is quite complicated, for this reason everything started with the screenplay. Even though all the actors are the same person, each character still needed to have their own name so that there was no chance of mixing them up as demonstrated here.
Further to this, the screenplays had to avoid any complicated shots that were not possible to shoot by one person, after all you need to remember that there is no one behind the camera during a take to see if there are any mistakes occuring. As all the shots are locked off, I try to break up the stagnant look by ensuring the film has lots of cuts and edits so the audience doesn't dwell on the lack of camera movement.
Once the screenplay is finalised, the shots and their framing are then worked out. In the case of Oneself and Oneself Three, all the split screen shots were planned in advance so they could be filmed in groups to enhance productivity and to avoid wasting time. Believe me once you start doing split screen shots, which require multiple costume changes for each character, you want everything to be as efficient as possible.
To demonstrate this further, in the example below from Oneself each of the numbers represents a particular setup. With this in place, all that is required is to record myself saying the lines within the required shot to be played back later. In the example below, ONE, TWO, THREE and BOSS are all character names
Careful care needed to be taken with shots requiring split screening, especially in their setup and execution as problems can also occur where you least expect it (remember once the camera is in place it can't be moved). As I painfully discovered in Oneself Two, when the character on the left walked over to his final position, he cast a shadow on the kitchen bench which then made the split instantly visible. As a result the entire sequence with all the characters had to be reshot from a totally different angle so I could change the split point. Needless to say the fault wasn't picked up until AFTER the shots were completed and edited together. Not happy.
A similar problem occured in Oneself Three where there wasn't enough room for all the characters to appear in one shot. In the example below, the guy in the blue shirt is standing over the top of the guy in the grey shirt and thus an effective split was not possible as one character is now cut off. As was the case with the shot above, the problem only became evident during editing and so once again the whole shot needed to be redone with all four characters.
Yet with some problem shots come some winners and clearly the biggest triumph in my spilt screen endeavours was the tuxedo guys in Oneself Three. This was achieved by moving the actual split line in the screen every two frames as the characters and their shadows moved through the frame. fortunately there were some good vertical points where I could place the split to hide it. In the shot below you should be able to work out where the split is as it's barely visible.
One of the things that make films successful is attention to detail, for myself I believe this basic element is important and as such I can be quite pedantic about it (having said that my continuity in Oneself Three was terrible with the ever changing coffee cups and chip bowl). In the Oneself films, the level of detail was usually in areas of character orientation - ie where you're looking at any given time. Even though I filmed myself talking to no one, it was important to make the audience really believe that I was conversing with other people, for this reason I made sure I was looking at the other characters as a way to help sell the story.
In the example shown below, when I filmed myself for the character on the TV I was actually looking at the kitchen bench whilst saying my lines, yet when the footage was played back on the TV for this shot I was now looking at the other character on the couch.
Another example of paying attention to detail is shown below where one character is reacting to something another character is doing. In the example below the character on the left is shocked by the character on the right having eaten all the chips, naturally in real life when I was filming the guy on the left I was reacting to nothing. Focusing on these tiny details is what I think film making is all about.
One particular problem I had with Oneself Three was reflections in the glass. Originally the film was meant to be filmed during the daytime so this wouldn't have been a problem, but alas at night everything was being reflected in the glass which is why the screen door behind the guy in the black shirt is open (plus being a hot night it allowed SOME fresh air to come in). As it turns out I was able to use a couple of reflections to my advantage which was something else I hadn't done before from a FX point of view - especially as it helped to hide the camera and tripod which were in full view!
So is it weird filming yourself talking to no one? Well there were times when it felt a bit bizarre, although it helped that I was alone in my house during the shoot. Having said that, the shot below was definately the weirdest especially when I was playing the guy on the left looking intently at myself on TV.
|So how does one film oneself?|
|Preparation is the
secret to a shoot's success and a shot's complexity will
determine what effort gets put into it. Clearly the
trickest shots are the long split screen ones so for them
I record all the dialogue for the characters upfront by
reading from the script. From there I'll determine which
character I plan to film then delete the dialogue for
that character accordingly, what's left is a dialogue
track that I can play back to myself that has the other
characters speaking but there is a perfectly timed gap
for my new character's voice to be filmed. From here I'll
make around 5 or 6 copies of that dialogue track so I can
record multiple takes without have to leave my position
on the set. In the case of Oneself Three I had 16
different dialogue tracks to work with so it ended up
being a lot of preparation.
The key to making it all work is being able to respond and perform to people who aren't there which can be a little daunting. For example in the image below don't let your eyes deceive you, in reality both guys are looking at no one.
Individual shots will usually have me quickly read the lines from the script (which in the example below is sitting on my lap) then I just deliver the line on camera accordingly. By the way the TV effect was achieved by placing the camera in the position of the TV and recording my lines, I then transfered the footage to DVD and just filmed it playing on the TV - mega easy.
For the character of Boss as shown below, I simply read the lines from the script attached to a stand right in front of me (in fact the Boss sequences were the very first shots I did when commencing the Oneself journey). Normally I'll do this a few times in a row to vary the performance. Ultimately this is the most efficient way of getting the shots done quickly although the trick is to not make it look like you're reading from a page.
Needless to say the easiest shots to shoot are the ones where no one is saying anything, but even so it's important to react to other characters who are speaking or situations that are occuring.
To assist with framing and setting up of shots, I have the camera plugged into a portable TV so I can see what the camera sees. Quite often when I'm looking at something off camera I'm actually looking at the TV to ensure the framing is correct. In the case of Oneself Two I had the TV switched to black and white so I had a good idea how the final product would look.
The problem shots are the ones where you can't see the TV or the camera as the character is moving around. In the example below when I came into the frame I had my back to the camera and had to be really precise in knowing where to turn around and where to stand so I'd be in frame for the whole shot. In the end I didn't know if it all worked until I watched it back later.
On the camera itself, I have the flip out monitor turned around so I can see it from my position on the set, this is so I can double check the framing as well as the recording levels of the microphone (yes I focus on both the video and audio at the same time). With regards to the audio, I have a mic attached to a stand that is pointing in my direction located off camera, I then set the levels on the camera so I get a good recording.
Finally I have the greatest invention of all in my hand, the camera's remote control. If I had to get up all the time to press the record button on the camera I wouldn't have made the films.
Copyright © 2010 Darren Maxwell Films. All Rights Reserved